What happens to police officers who kill Black people

Flowers, indicators and balloons are left close to a makeshift memorial to George Floyd close to the spot the place he died whereas in custody of the Minneapolis police, on May 29, 2020 in Minneapolis, Minnesota

(KEREM YUCEL/AFP through Getty Images)

George Floyd’s demise by the hands of police places of work in Minneapolis final yr sparked nationwide protest and led to a renewed outcry for racial justice within the United States.

During the trial of former police officer Derek Chauvin the nation relived the ache and anger brought on by the general public demise of Mr Floyd after the 9 minutes and 29 seconds he spent pinned below the knee of the previous police officer.

The protests that engulfed the nation final summer time might have been sparked by Mr Floyd’s killing, however they had been additionally rooted in a devastating string of Black deaths by the hands of the police.

Here, The Independent seems again at a few of these surprising killings and what occurred to the officers accountable for them.

George Floyd

Mr Floyd, 46, was arrested by Minneapolis police officers on 25 May 2020, after a Cup Foods worker known as 911 and advised the police that he had purchased cigarettes with a counterfeit $20 invoice.

Derek Chauvin, who is white, was seize by bystanders on video kneeling on Mr Floyd’s neck and again as he cried out for his late mom and shouted that he couldn’t breathe.

Chauvin, 45, was discovered responsible of second-degree homicide, third-degree homicide and second-degree manslaughter on the finish of the trial on 20 April 2021.

In Minnesota, second-degree homicide carries a most sentence of 40 years in jail. Third-degree homicide is punishable by up to 25 years in jail. Second-degree manslaughter is punishable by up to 10 years in jail.

Chauvin was instantly taken into custody and will probably be sentenced in early June, eight weeks after his conviction.

Former Minneapolis police officers Tou Thao, 35, Thomas Lane, 38, and J Alexander Kueng, 27, all face fees of aiding and abetting Chauvin in second-degree homicide and second-degree manslaughter of Floyd.

The state’s legal professional basic’s workplace will attempt to add a third-degree homicide cost towards all three officers in a Minnesota Court of Appeals listening to set for 20 May.

They are set to face trial on 23 August after a decide separated their trial from Chauvin’s due to Covid-19 considerations.

The three officers, who responded to the decision on 25 May 2020, might face up to 40 years in jail if convicted of aiding and abetting homicide.

But sentencing tips can even scale back that sentence to a most of 15 years.

All three former officers stay free on $750,000 bail.

Breonna Taylor

Ms Taylor, 26, was shot at the very least eight instances and killed by police officers throughout a bungled medication raid at her dwelling in Louisville, Kentucky.

Police stated that her boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, shot on the three officers coming into her dwelling shortly after midnight on 13 March 2020, hitting one of many officers within the leg.

No medication had been discovered within the dwelling and Mr Walker, who can also be Black, was charged with tried homicide of a police officer and first diploma assault, though the fees had been later dropped.

The three white officers, Jonathan Matttingly, Brett Hankison and Myles Cosgrove, had been positioned on administrative obligation as Ms Taylor’s killing was investigated.

In September 2020 a grand jury within the metropolis cleared all three officers of homicide, however they had been all fired by the police division.

Mr Hankison was indicted by the grand jury on three counts of “wanton endangerment” for endangering the lives of three neighbors by firing bullets.

None of the officers face any fees over the precise demise of Ms Taylor.

Mr Mattingly, who was shot within the leg in the course of the incident, is writing a e-book giving his model of what occurred within the house.

After an enormous backlash, writer Simon & Schuster stated it will not distributeThe Fight for Truth: The Inside Story Behind the Breonna Taylor Tragedy, however will probably be launched by unbiased writer Post Hill Press.

Philando Castile

Mr Castile, 32, was pulled over by police officer Jeronimo Yanez on July 6 2016 in a suburban of Minneapolis, Minnesota.

The police officer stated he thought Mr Castile fitted the outline of a theft suspect and approached the automobile to ask him for his driving license and proof of insurance coverage.

Mr Castile advised the officer he had gun with him and was ordered not to contact the weapon.

Police dashboard digicam footage then exhibits the officer shouting once more at Mr Castile to not pull out the weapon earlier than he fired seven pictures at him.

The officer advised investigators that Mr Castile was transferring his hand and that he feared for his life and the lives of the automobile’s passengers.

Mr Yanez, an officer with the St Anthony Police Department in Minnesota was charged with manslaughter and endangering the lives of the 2 passengers.

At trial in 2017 he was acquitted on all fees however didn’t return to the police division, which reached a “voluntary separation agreement” with him.

Freddie Gray

Mr Gray, 25, was arrested by police officers in Baltimore on 12 April 2015 for having a knife and was positioned in a police van, which was caught on digicam.

By the time that van arrived on the police station Mr Gray was not respiration and died every week later from spinal accidents a medical expert stated had been suffered throughout his transportation.

Police officers stated that though Mr Gray was put in leg restraints in the course of the journey he was not secured with a seatbelt or given medical assist, regardless of asking for it.

Following Mr Gray’s demise the six officers concerned, Caesar Goodson Jr, William Porter, Garrett Miller, Edward Nero, Brian Rice and Alicia White had been all suspended with out pay.

The demise was dominated a murder by the medical expert and the Baltimore State Attorney, Marilyn Mosby, filed prison fees towards the officers.

The jury on the trial of Mr Porter was deadlocked and the decide declared a mistrial, and prosecutors ultimately dropped all fees towards Mr Porter, Mr Miller and Ms White.

Mr Rice was ultimately discovered not responsible of involuntary manslaughter, reckless endangerment, and misconduct in workplace.

Mr Goodson was discovered not responsible of second-degree wicked coronary heart homicide, three counts of manslaughter, misconduct in workplace and reckless endangerment.

Mr Nero was acquitted on misdemeanor fees of second-degree assault, reckless endangerment and misconduct in workplace.

All six officers had been allowed to return to obligation.

Tamir Rice

Tamir Rice, 12, was confronted by police in Cleveland, Ohio, in November 2014 after somebody known as 911 and reported an individual enjoying with a gun close to a recreation centre.

The caller reported that the gun was “probably fake” and the particular person with it was most certainly a toddler.

When police arrived on the scene, officer Timothy Loehmann acquired out of the automobile and opened fireplace, killing the teen.

It turned out that Tamir had been enjoying with a pellet gun and authorities stated that the outline of a kid enjoying with a pretend gun had not been handed on to the officers who responded.

A grand jury didn’t indict both officer within the case however Mr Loehmann was later fired by the division for mendacity in his software to work as a police officer.

Walter Scott

Walter Scott, 50, was pulled over for a routine site visitors cease by white police officer Michael Slager in South Carolina on 4 April 2015.

When Mr Scott ran from the scene he was chased by the officer who shot him 5 instances in an incident caught on a cellphone by a bystander.

After the video grew to become public the officer was charged with homicide and later a federal civil rights violation.

The jury in his December 2016 trial was deadlocked and prosecutors introduced they might retry him.

But earlier than they did Slager pleaded responsible to the federal civil rights violation and was sentenced to 20 years in jail.

Michael Brown

The August 2014 killing of teenager Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, sparked months of racial justice protests.

Mr Brown, 18, was shot and killed by officer Darren Wilson after being suspected of stealing cigars from a comfort retailer.

Mr Brown was unarmed and his buddy, Dorian Johnson, advised reporters that he had “put his hands in the air” when he was killed.

Two investigations concluded that Mr Brown didn’t have his arms within the air when he was killed, and in November a grand jury declined to indict Mr Wilson.

Then in March 2015 Barack Obama’s Justice Department launched its personal report that acknowledged, “there is no credible evidence that Wilson willfully shot Brown as he was attempting to surrender or was otherwise not posing a threat.”

But on the identical day the Justice Department additionally launched its personal investigation into the Ferguson Police Department, which concluded that there was systemic exploitation and racial profiling of black residents by its officers.

Laquan McDonald

Laquan McDonald, 17, was killed by Chicago police officers after they responded to experiences of somebody attempting to break into vehicles on 20 October 2014.

Police adopted {the teenager} and witnessed him use a knife to slash a patrol automobile’s tyre.

Officer Jason Van Dyke, who is white, arrived on the scene and shot at Mr McDonald, hitting him 16 instances as he was transferring away from him.

Dashboard footage of the killing was solely launched in November 2015 after town had agreed a $5 million settlement with Mr McDonald’s household.

When the video grew to become public Officer Van Dyke was arrested and charged with homicide.

Van Dyke was convicted of second-degree homicide and sentenced to greater than six years in jail.

Eric Garner

Eric Garner, 43, was arrested by police for promoting unfastened cigarettes in Staten Island, New York, on 17 July 2014.

His arrest got here two weeks after they gave him an preliminary warning for doing the identical factor on a road nook.

The deadly encounter was videotaped by a bystander, and confirmed white officer Daniel Pantaleo wrap his arm round Mr Garner’s neck in a chokehold.

Mr Garner might be heard shouting “I can’t breathe” 11 instances earlier than he fell unconscious and died.

Despite enormous protests within the metropolis, a neighborhood and federal investigation resulted in no fees beg introduced towards Mr Pantaleo and the opposite officers concerned.

Mr Pantaleo was ultimately sacked in August 2019, 5 years after the demise of Mr Garner, when a New York Police Department disciplinary decide beneficial the firing.

His legal professionals had argued that the officer had “acted the way he was taught to act.”

“This has been a long battle, five years too long,” stated Emerald Garner, one in all Eric Garner’s daughters of the firing.

“And finally somebody has said that there’s some information that this cop did something wrong.”

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